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Patterns, Fabrics, and Notions -- summary

SUMMARY

• Choosing a pattern that's the right style and size for you and that matches your skill level will help you achieve better sewing results.

• Both the pattern catalog and pattern envelope have information about the style and fit of a pattern.

• To determine your correct pattern size, compare your measurements with the pattern charts.

• Certain fabrics require special sewing techniques and are not good choices for beginning sewers.

• Purchase all the notions for a project when you buy the fabric.

• Choose notions with care so that they are suitable for the fabric you've selected.

REVIEW and Activities

RECALLING THE FACTS

1. What can you learn from the front of a pattern envelope?

2. What information is listed on the back of a pattern envelope?

3. Name three characteristics of easy-to sew patterns.

4. How are accurate body measurements taken?

5. How do you determine your figure type?

6. If body measurements differ from a pat tern size, what should you do?

7. If two people are different sizes, could they share the same pattern? Explain.

8. What is the difference between wearing ease and design ease?

9. Do you have to use the fabrics suggested on a pattern envelope? Explain.

10. List at least five fabrics that a beginning sewer should avoid.

11. How do you decide how much fabric to buy?

12. Why is extra yardage needed for some fabrics?

13. Why should notions be purchased at the same time as your fabric?

14. Why do some buttons come with a shank?

15. Why is interfacing used?

APPLYING KNOWLEDGE

1. Easy-to-sew patterns. Look through a pattern catalog and select patterns that beginning sewers might use. In writing, identify which features make each pat tern easy to sew.

2. Pattern size. Take your measurements. Then determine the pattern size that would be right for you.

3. Garment fabrics. Collect photographs of garments from fashion magazines and sales catalogs. Choose examples that identify the fabric. Then find similar garments in a pattern catalog. How do the suggested fabrics on the pattern com pare with those in the photographs? In writing, explain possible reasons for any differences.

4. Notions. Visit the notions department in a store. Research the types and prices of thread, zippers, buttons, snaps, hooks and eyes, tapes, trims, and elastics. Put the results in chart form.

5. Home decorating project. Visit a fabric store and select a pattern for a home furnishings project. Note the recommended fabrics listed on the pattern envelope. Look around the store for fabrics suitable for home decorating. What types of fibers, fabrics, and finishes are most common? How do they differ from fabrics used for garments? Summarize your findings in a report.


Underhanded Uniquizing Effort Sub-Series:

Wiki Sewing

Needle Positions

Needle position is usually controlled by the stitch width adjustment. The more positions that the needle can be placed in, the more accurately you'll be able to sew.

Stitch width is available on sewing machines that have zigzag capabilities. It adjusts the width of the stitches. When a change in the stitch width is used with a straight stitch, the position of the needle is changed from the normal center position.

Being able to use the various parts of the presser foot as a guide while sewing, in conjunction with being able to change the needle position, allows you to keep your stitching straight and where you want the stitching to be. This is especially helpful in topstitching and under-stitching.


1. Math. Use on-line resources to select a pattern for a garment or a home decorating project that you would like to make. List the fabric yardage and notions needed. Then visit a fabric store to check prices. Compute how much the pattern, fabric, and notions will cost for the garment or project.

2. Internet. Use Internet or print resources to research measuring techniques for home decorating projects, such as curtains, drapes, pillows, bedspreads, bed skirts, table cloths, place mats, napkins, and table runners. Create a chart that lists measuring guidelines for home decorating projects.

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