Plumbing: Pipes and Pipe Fittings: PVC



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Cutting and Joining PVC

1. Measure correct pipe length or hold section in place and mark it. Be sure to include depth of hub. The goal is that when pipes and fittings are joined, no interior gaps can slow water flow or collect debris.

2.Cut off pipe perfectly square using a miter box and stiff fine-tooth hand saw. A power miter saw works even better. Remove burr left by the saw with a file or sandpaper. Bevel edges slightly for a smoother fit.

3.Assemble, or dry-fit, fittings and pipe with out glue. Mark pipes and fittings with a felt- tip pen to make sure they line up again when you glue them together. If joints stick together when you disassemble the run, tap them with a hammer and wood block. Where possible, dry-fit an entire run.

4.Clean joint surfaces with clean cloth. For PVC and CPVC (not ABS) coat surfaces to be joined with a special primer/cleaner. The primer is prone to splashing and dripping, so protect finished surfaces with a drop cloth.
5. Spread solvent liberally inside the hub and on outer pipe surface. Use solvent specifically designed for the pipe you're joining. Solvent gives off fumes and is flammable, so ventilate area and wear a respirator. Push fitting and pipe together quickly, making a quarter turn with either piece to seat the pipe fully.
6. Align positioning marks and hold tightly for 15 seconds, because initially the joint may want to spring apart. Finished joint should be completely seated so water flows smoothly without obstruction. (continue ...)

Recommended Reading

Plumbing Apprentice Handbook

The Plumbing Apprentice Handbook

A complete plumbing training program--in one go-anywhere guide. Now you can train new plumbers faster and easier--without tieing up hours of time on the job. All you need is the comprehensive new Plumbing Apprentice Handbook from Master Plumber R. Dodge Woodson. Packed with step-by-step instructions written in a user-friendly style, this invaluable tool will walk beginners through all the proper practices and procedures of professional plumbing. You'll find expert guidance on: understanding plumbing codes; developing troubleshooting skills; working safely; understanding all types of drainage, vent and water distribution systems; mastering the principles of water conditioning and well-systems; installing water service and sewers; learning the fundamentals of septic systems; testing different systems; handling all types of residential, commercial and institutional work; using all types of tools; what to expect from actual field conditions; and much more.

The Plumber's Troubleshooting Guide

The Plumber's Troubleshooting Guide

Book Description

  • Shows how to save time, energy, and money when servicing residential or commerical plumbing systems and fixtures.
  • Both novice and experienced plumbers will find a wealth of solutions to everyday--and uncommon--plumbing problems.
  • Covers proper practices and procedures of residential, commercial, and industrial plumbing for apprentice plumbers, do-it-yourself homeowners, and even veteran plumbers.
  • Includes numerous photographs, line drawings, and charts to illustrate the easiest, most effective ways to troubleshoot a wide range of plumbing problems.
  • Covers proper practices and procedures of residential, commercial, and industrial plumbing for apprentice plumbers, do-it-yourself homeowners, and even veteran plumbers.
  • Plumbing Troubleshooting Techniques That Save Time and Money. Say goodbye to time-consuming trial and error methods, extra work, and unnecessary fixture replacements. In The Plumber's Troubleshooting Guide Master Plumber R. Dodge Woodson show you how to develop finely-tuned troubleshooting skills for all types of residential and commercial plumbing fixtures and systems. In a clear, easy-to-understand style, he advises you on how to go beyond normal causes to uncover often overlooked reasons for problems and malfunctions in: toilets and urinals; sinks; bathtubs; faucets and valves; spas and whirlpools; water distribution systems; draining and vent systems; specialty fixtures; well and water treatment systems; septic systems; waste-water pumps; appliances.

Topics covered include:

distributer tube, adjustable control head, bottom gravel support bed, supply spud, troubleshooting sinks, bubbler valve, mineral tank, water conditioning equipment, polished chromium plated, plumbing career, elongated rim, closet auger, many plumbers, flush holes, iron filter, building drain, float rod, water distribution pipe, flush tank, pump that will, jet assembly, experienced plumbers, water treatment equipment, service sink, tank ball

Plumber's Quick-Reference Manual: Tables, Charts, and Calculations

Book Description

Topics covered include:

plumbing math, local code officer, combination wye, clinical sinks, waste receptor, sidewall vents, bathing unit, water service pipe, laundry hookup, sanitary drainage system, local vent, eighth bend, circuit vents, building drain, water distribution pipe, bedpan washers, indirect waste, flex connectors, wet vents, branch vents, rain leaders, waste opening, privacy stall, soil stack, shower base

Plumber's Field Manual

Book Description

Go-anywhere guide bursting with 100s of INSTANT PLUMBING SOLUTIONS. Next time you're out in the field, don't let tough plumbing problems slow you down and eat away at your productivity and profits. Simply reach into your toolbox for Plumber's Field Manual, by master plumber R. Dodge Woodson, and get instant solutions for planning any plumbing job. . .performing hassle-free installations. . . maintaining, troubleshooting and repairing all kinds of systems. . .and much more. This lightweight, fully portable plumber's problem solver packs a wealth of get-it-done data into easy access tables charts, graphs, diagrams, checklists and outlines to give you lightning-fast answers on: Water distribution systems; Drain-waste-and-vent systems; Faucets; Fixtures; Water heaters; Hot water heating systems; Well systems; Septic systems; Remodeling work; Clogged drains; Material selection; Piping size; Plumbing appliances; And much more! repairing a ...

Topics covered include:

pipe support intervals, multipiece faucets, main water distribution pipe, electric drain cleaner, tub waste, handicap fixtures, fixture units, apply pipe dope, local code officer, bathing unit, water service pipe, water distribution pipes, branch fitting, combination wye, saddle valve, faucet seats, septic system design, sidewall vents, potable water pipe, sanitary drainage system, circuit vents, laundry hookup, rubber couplings, many plumbers, potable water use

Plastic Piping Handbook

Plastic Piping Handbook

Book Description

All-the-answers guide to plastic piping...
Written by expert David Willoughby, a 20-year veteran in the field, Plastic Piping Handbook is a one-of-a-kind, comprehensive guide to the durable, economical piping solution used today in 90 % of low-pressure liquid and natural gas installations. You get the facts you need on a full range of vital topics, from pipe selection to pipeline purging and drying, to leak detection. This incomparable resource features codes and specs for gas and water transmission, inspection and testing procedures, and provides you with plenty of charts, data sheets, and tables. You’ll find at your fingertips hundreds of pages of clear, practical guidance to help you:

* Design systems for municipal, industrial, commercial, residential, and field use
* Follow step-by-step procedures for aboveground and buried pipe design
* Choose and apply pipes, control valves, and regulators
* Adhere to codes and standards
* Install, inspect and test pipelines
* More!

From the Back Cover
FEATURING NEW INSPECTION, TEST, AND LEAK DETECTION PROCEDURES, CODES, AND STANDARDS USED IN NATURAL GAS AND WATER UTILITIES

Written by expert David Willoughby, a 20-year veteran in the field, PLASTIC PIPING HANDBOOK is a one-of-a-kind comprehensive guide to the durable, economical piping solution used today in 90 % of low-pressure liquid and natural gas installations. Inside you'll find hundreds of pages of clear, practical guidance to help you:

* Apply plastic piping for greater reliability, durability, and economy in gas and liquid systems
* Design systems for municipal, industrial, commercial, residential, and field use
* Find solutions quickly with easy-to-read charts, tables, and diagrams
* Exploit hydraulic and engineering principles, and plastic pipe characteristics, for best performance
* Follow step-by-step procedures for aboveground and buried pipe design
* Choose and apply pipes, control valves, and regulators
* Adhere to codes and standards
* Handle construction operations
* Install pipelines
* Inspect and test
* Purge and dry plastic piping
* Detect leaks
* Maximize long-term and short-term economic advantages

The reference of the decade on a subject too long neglected, this indispensable handbook is finally here to make work flow more smoothly in your engineering or construction office or site.

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Installing Plastic Pipe

J-hooks. Use plastic hangers called i-hooks to hang pipe from joists every 32 in. (80 cm) to support horizontal runs. You can also use flexible plastic or steel banding. Pay close attention to slope as you install a horizontal run.

Protective steel plates prevent accidental puncturing of pipe when hanging drywall. Add plates whenever pipe passes within 1-1/4 in. (32 mm) of surface of wood framing. Drill oversize holes in framing so pipes won't squeak when they expand and contract.

Last modified: Friday, 2007-11-02 22:12 PST