The following terms define Building and Machine Parts
facade: exterior face on front of building.
facet: small cut, as on precious stone.
facing: lining; finishing surface.
fairing: element that reduces wind drag.
fascia: fleet, vertical member of cornice attached to outer edge of eave at end of rafter.
fastener: hardware device that holds separate parts together: bolt, nail, plug, screw, pin, toggle, clasp, or damp.
felloe: rim or rim segment of spoked wheel that holds outer ends of spokes.
fender: guard, impact absorber.
ferrule: metal ring or cap at end o1 handle or tool filler substance used to fill holes or smooth surface irregularities filter device that separates particles from air or liquid.
firestop: fire-retardant element inside walls and floors. Especially horizontal wood member between studs to stop updrafts inside wall.
fire wall: partition made of fireproof material. Used to prevent spread of fire within building.
fitting: small part or device, usually of standardized size and shape.
fixture: plumbing or electrical unit.
flange: projecting rim or collar of wheel, pipe, rail, or beam, used to hold it in place or guide action.
flashing: sheet metal strip or wall for waterproofing or insulation, usually by sealing joint.
flitch: bundle of veneer sheets component of beam or girder.
floorboard: any of the strips of wood composing a floor.
floor joist: horizontal support piece for floor.
flue: enclosed passageway used to direct current of gas; chimney, channel lot smoke or air.
fluke: pointed blade on anchor, barb.
flume: channel or inclined chute that carries water.
foliated joint: joint between overlapping, rabbeted edges of two boards, forming continuous surface.
footing: concrete pad that supports and distributes foundation weight.
forelock: cotter pin, split pin, or linchpin.
forms: panels joined as molds for concrete.
foundation: supporting part of structure beneath first floor joists, usually concrete or masonry.
frame: open, supporting structure.
frieze: horizontal piece that connects siding to soffit, usually decorative.
furnishings: usually movable articles for use or decoration in structure.
furring: wood strips fastened to non-wood walls or coiling to form straight surface for application of finished wall material.