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Fabrics: Other Fabric Construction

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Beautiful fabrics are produced by many methods other than weaving and knitting. Some have been developed by old hand methods and others are the product of modern technology. They may be limited to specific uses by their character or cost.


 

NETTING is the fabric construction that encompasses both the strong and simple texture of a fishnet and the delicacy of lace. Knots may secure sets of threads together or continuous coils of thread may loop together forming the hexagonal mesh that might create the back ground for further embroidery. The most elaborate machines in the textile industry can reproduce laces in many styles and weights.

CROCHETING is adapted from the hand process that uses a hook to form a chain of loops from a single continuous yarn.

BRAIDING forms fabric whose yarns lie at acute angles to the edges in a bias woven structure, usually a narrow strip. All yarns originate from the same direction.

FELTING is a time-honored method for producing warm, versatile, though not very durable fabrics from wool or fur fibers by the application of heat, moisture, friction, and pressure. It’s an economical construction that depends on the natural ability of the wool fibers to shrink, coil and lock together. Can also be made from polyester or poly blended fibers. Felt is not too durable for clothing, as it does not stand up to regular wear and tear. For example, when stretched, your garment will not return to shape. Felt comes in a variety of weights and qualities, from very light weight craft “squares” to heavy industrial padding.

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FUSING produces a non-woven fabric or web by using an adhesive or bonding agent to join or fuse together a mat of textile fibers. Non-woven fabrics are generally used for interfacing. Fusible interfacing has a low-melt fusing agent on one side. The webs are usually used for fusing two fabrics together.

BONDING is a term that has come to include those textiles that are technically called laminated fabrics. These are composed of two separate layers of knitted or woven cloth that are joined together with a bonding agent to improve stability, opacity or handling ease. Sometimes the plastic foam or plastic film can be bonded to a woven or knit fabric creating added texture and insulation. Simulated leather and patent vinyl fabrics are made this way.

MALIMO is a textile process that produces extremely stable fabrics. Three sets of yarns are used—warp yarns, filling yarns laid across the warp and a third set of yarns that stitches them together with a chain stitch. This process is used mainly for home furnishing products and industrial purposes.

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This page was last modified on: Tuesday, 2007-09-11 2:47 PST