Power Nailers and Staplers

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Power nailers and staplers, first used in production operations, are now commonly used for carpentry projects to promote efficiency and provide dependable fastenings. The nail and staple have certain features that determine which is best used for specific applications. For example, a staple has more holding power in wood than a nail because it has two legs holding it. However, when conditions of lateral stress exist, or in an application where longer fasteners are needed, nails are the correct fastener to use. The types of nails available for use in power nailers varies from the small brad nail for fine finish work to the 5" long spike for extra heavy fastening. There are three principal shank types: smooth for general applications; ring for superior holding in softwood applications; screw for hardwood applications. The diamond point nail is the most commonly used for general softwood applications.

Shown in Fig. 1 (below) is a compressed air-powered nailer incorporating a magazine that holds a clip of nails which feed automatically for rapid controlled nailing. Other models have larger capacity magazines.

Compressed Air Powered Nailer.
Fig. 1. Compressed Air Powered Nailer.

The power stapler is similar in appearance and operation to the power nailer shown in Fig. 1 (above). The fasteners it drives (staples) are available in a great variety of wire gauges, crown widths and leg lengths. Staplers are in common use for carpentry operations involving application of sheathing, decking, roofing, etc., as well as in many finishing operations.

Table showing (in two parts): Schedule of Common Wire Nail Use in Wood Frame Construction. Ceiling joist laps at partition Toenail Face-nail 4 Rafter to top plate	Face-nail 10d Rafter to ceiling joist Toenail 10d Rafter to valley or hip ratter	End-nail Ridge board to ratter	Toenail Ratter to ratter through ridge board Edge-nail	1
Collar beam to ratter.	Face-nail 12d 2 in. member	Face-nail 1 in. member	. 1-in. diagonal let-in brace to each stud and plate (4 nails at top) Built-up corner studs:	Face-nail 10d Each side Studs to blocking	Face-nail	16d	12 in. on center Intersecting stud to comer studs Built-up girders and beams, three or more members Face-nail	20d 32 in. on center, each side Wall sheathing: 1 by 8 in. or less, horizontal	Face-nail 6d, At each stud 1 by 6 in. or greater, diagonal	Face nail	8d At each stud	, Wall sheathing, vertically applied Plywood: 3/8 in. and less thick	Face-nail, 6d 6 in. edge, 1/2 in. and over thick	Face-nail, 8d	12 in. intermediate Wall sheathing, vertically applied fiberboard: 1/2 in. thick	Face-nail 25/32 in. thick	Face-nail	1 1/2 in. rooting nail 3 in. edge and 6 in. intermediate Face-nail	At each rafter Roof sheathing, plywood: Roof sheathing, boards, 4-, 6-. 8-in. width .	6d	1 3/4 in. rooting nail  3/8 in. and less thick, Face-nail 1/2 in. and over thick	Face-nail	8d 6 in. edge and 12 in. intermediate
Table showing (in two parts): Schedule of Common Wire Nail Use in Wood Frame Construction: Ceiling joist laps at partition Toenail Face-nail 4
Rafter to top plate	Face-nail	10d

Rafter to ceiling joist	Toenail	10d
Rafter to valley or hip ratter	End-nail	t
Ridge board to ratter	Toenail
Ratter to ratter through ridge board	Edge-nail	1
Collar beam to ratter.	Face-nail	12d
2 in. member	Face-nail
1 in. member	. 1-in. diagonal let-in brace to each stud and plate
(4 nails at top)
Built-up corner studs:	Face-nail	10d	Each side
Studs to blocking	Face-nail	16d	12 in. on center
Intersecting stud to comer studs
Built-up girders and beams, three or more members	Face-nail	20d 32 in. on center, each side
Wall sheathing:
1 by 8 in. or less, horizontal	Face-nail	6d	At each stud
1 by 6 in. or greater, diagonal	Face nail	8d At each stud	, Wall sheathing, vertically applied Plywood:
3/8 in. and less thick	Face-nail	6d 6 in. edge
1/2 in. and over thick	Face-nail	8d	12 in. intermediate
Wall sheathing, vertically applied fiberboard:
1/2 in. thick	Face-nail
25/32 in. thick	Face-nail	1 1/2 in. rooting nail 3 in. edge and 6 in. intermediate
Face-nail	At each rafter
Roof sheathing, plywood:
Roof sheathing, boards, 4-, 6-. 8-in. width .	6d	1 3/4 in. rooting nail 
3/8 in. and less thick	Face-nail
1/2 in. and over thick	Face-nail	8d 6 in. edge and 12 in. intermediate
Above: Table showing (in two parts): Schedule of Common Wire Nail Use in Wood Frame Construction. Click each table for full-sized image.

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This page was last modified on: Saturday, 2008-08-30 12:08 PST